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14 Cedar Trees Types, Interesting Facts with Pictures

  • Surya 

Cedar Trees are known for their majestic presence and timeless beauty. These coniferous trees have captivated humans for centuries, symbolizing strength, resilience, and longevity. Their wood is highly valued for its durability and natural resistance to decay. From their majestic branches to iconic cones, they bring beauty and grace to gardens, parks, and decks everywhere. You can read more about the different types and some interesting facts about cedar trees below.

Some Interesting Facts About Cedar Trees

Cedar trees are a fascinating subject with many intriguing characteristics and qualities. Here are some of the interesting cedar trees facts. In the coming sections, I will expand on these points further.

  • Cedar is a type of wood commonly used for construction and furniture.
  • It is known for its natural resistance to decay and insect damage.
  • Cedar has a distinct aroma that is often used in the production of perfumes and essential oils.
  • The wood is lightweight and easy to work with, making it popular for outdoor projects like decking and fencing.
  • Cedar is also used for making traditional wooden shingles for roofs.
  • It has a beautiful reddish-brown color that can darken over time.
  • Cedar trees are found in various parts of the world, including North America, Europe, and Asia.
  • The wood has excellent thermal insulation properties, making it a good choice for saunas and hot tubs.
  • Cedar is also used to make chests and closets, as its aroma helps repel moths and insects.
  • The oil extracted from cedarwood is believed to have therapeutic properties and is used in aromatherapy.

Types of Cedar Trees

List of Cedar Trees discussed in this post:

  1. Easter White.
  2. Eastern Red.
  3. Atlantic White.
  4. Western Red.
  5. Northern White.
  6. Incense Cedar.
  7. Port Orford.
  8. Deodar.
  9. Spanish Cedar.
  10. Alaskan Cedar.
  11. Japanese Cedar.
  12. Lebanon Cedar.
  13. Cyprus Cedar.
  14. Atlas Cedar.

Cedars are a popular choice for landscaping due to their unique characteristics and ability to enhance the overall beauty of a landscape. There are many types of cedar trees. Here are the 14 types of cedar trees.

Easter White Cedar

easter-white

Easter White Cedar, also known as Thuja occidentalis, is an evergreen tree native to North America. It is commonly found in the northeastern and north-central regions of the United States and southeastern Canada.

An interesting fact about the Easter White Cedar is that it is a long-lived tree, with some trees living for over a thousand years. It is also known for resisting pests and diseases, making it a low-maintenance option for gardens and parks.

Another fascinating aspect of this tree is its historical significance. Native American ethnic groups used various parts of the Easter White Cedar for medicinal purposes, including treating respiratory ailments and skin conditions. The tree’s bark was also used for making baskets and canoes.

The Easter White Cedar is a remarkable tree with a long history and numerous interesting qualities. Whether admired for its beauty, valued for its practical uses, or cherished for its symbolism, this tree holds a special place in the hearts of many.

Eastern Red Cedar

eastern-red

Eastern Red Cedar, also known as Juniperus virginiana, is a juniper species native to eastern North America. Easter Red Cedar is a member of the cypress family. This evergreen tree is known for its distinctive reddish-brown bark and fragrant, blue-green foliage.

One interesting fact about Eastern Red Cedar is its long lifespan; some trees live for over 900 years. The cedar tree is incredibly adaptable and can thrive in various soil conditions, from dry and rocky to moist and fertile. This resilience has made it a popular choice for reforestation and erosion control projects.

Eastern Red Cedar is also valued for its aromatic wood, which is highly resistant to decay and insect damage. It has been used for centuries by Native Americans and early settlers for various purposes, including making furniture, fence posts, and even pencils. The wood’s pleasant scent makes it a popular choice for lining closets and chests to repel moths and other pests.

Atlantic White Cedar

atlantic white cedar trees

Atlantic White Cedar, scientifically known as Chamaecyparis thyoides, is a fascinating tree species found primarily in the eastern regions of North America. This evergreen conifer is known for its unique characteristics and ecological importance.

An interesting fact about the Atlantic White Cedar is its ability to thrive in wetland environments. It is often found in swamps, bogs, and other saturated areas where other trees struggle to survive. This resilience is due to its adaptability to wet soils and ability to withstand flooding.

Western Red Cedar

western-red

Western Red Cedar, also known as Thuja plicata, is a magnificent tree native to the western parts of North America. It is highly regarded for its exceptional beauty, durability, and versatility. This majestic tree can reach impressive heights of up to 200 feet, making it one of the most giant trees in the region.

An interesting fact about Western Red Cedar is that indigenous peoples have used it for centuries due to its many practical uses. The tree’s wood is lightweight yet incredibly strong, making it ideal for constructing canoes, totem poles, and even traditional longhouses. Its natural resistance to decay and insects makes it a popular choice for outdoor furniture, decking, and siding.

Western Red Cedar has a distinctive aroma. The tree emits a pleasant, earthy scent often described as soothing and refreshing. This aroma has made it a popular choice for producing essential oils, commonly used in aromatherapy and natural skincare products.

In addition to its practical uses and ecological importance, Western Red Cedar is highly valued for its aesthetic qualities. The wood has a rich, reddish-brown color that deepens with age, creating a warm and inviting atmosphere. Its fine grain and natural luster make it a favorite among artisans and designers.

Northern White Cedar

northern-white

Northern White Cedar, scientifically known as Thuja occidentalis, is an evergreen tree native to North America. This majestic tree is renowned for its beauty and versatility, making it a popular choice for landscaping and construction.

When crushed or brushed against, the leaves and twigs of the Northern White Cedar emit a pleasant scent reminiscent of freshly cut wood. This fragrance has made the tree a popular choice for crafting cedarwood sachets and essential oils, which are believed to have calming and insect-repellent properties.

Furthermore, Northern White Cedar has a rich cultural significance. Native American ethnic groups, such as the Ojibwe and Iroquois, revered this tree for its spiritual and medicinal properties. They believed the Northern White Cedar possessed healing powers and used it in traditional ceremonies and remedies.

Incense Cedar

incense

Incense Cedar, scientifically known as Calocedrus decurrens, is a majestic evergreen tree native to the western United States. It is highly valued for its beauty, aromatic properties, and versatility in various industries.

Although, Incense Cedar is not a real cedar tree. The tree emits a pleasant scent reminiscent of incense, so its common name is Incense Cedar. This aromatic quality has made it a popular choice for making incense sticks, oils, and perfumes.

Incense Cedar can adapt to various climates and soil conditions. It can thrive in dry and moist environments, making it a versatile tree in many habitats.

Port Orford Cedar

Port Orford Cedar
© Gary A. Monroe

Port Orford Cedar, scientifically known as Chamaecyparis Lawsoniana, is a fascinating tree species native to the Pacific Northwest of North America. This evergreen conifer is highly valued for its beautiful wood, renowned for its durability and resistance to decay.

An intriguing aspect of Port Orford Cedar is its natural range. It is primarily found in the coastal regions of Oregon and California, where the cool and moist climate provides optimal conditions for its growth. The tree thrives in these areas, often reaching impressive heights of up to 200 feet.

Port Orford Cedar also has a rich cultural history. Native American ethnic groups, such as the Tolowa and Yurok, have long revered this tree for its medicinal properties. They used various parts of the tree, including the leaves and bark, to treat ailments such as colds, fevers, and skin conditions.

Deodar or Himalayan Cedar

deodar-cedar-tree-and-cones
Deodar Cedar Tree and Cones

The Deodar Cedar, scientifically known as Cedrus deodara, is recognized as one of the true cedars. It is a majestic evergreen tree native to the western Himalayas. It is widely admired for its grandeur and beauty, making it popular for landscaping and ornamental purposes.

One of the most striking features of the Deodar Cedar is its size. It can grow up to 150 feet tall, with a trunk diameter of about 6 feet. The tree branches spread horizontally, giving it a graceful and symmetrical appearance. The foliage consists of long, needle-like leaves arranged in clusters, creating a dense, lush canopy.

Apart from its impressive size, the Deodar Cedar is also known for its durability and strength. The wood of this tree is highly valued for its resistance to decay and insect infestations. It is often used to construct furniture, doors, and even boats. The name “Deodar” means “divine tree” in Sanskrit, highlighting the reverence and importance of this tree in the region.

Interestingly, the Deodar Cedar has a rich cultural significance. In Hindu mythology, it is believed to be the abode of Lord Shiva, one of the principal deities. It is often associated with spirituality and is considered sacred in many parts of the Himalayas. The tree has also been mentioned in ancient scriptures and religious texts, emphasizing its cultural and historical significance.

Furthermore, the Himalayan Cedar plays a crucial role in the ecosystem. Its dense foliage provides habitat and protection for various bird species, including the Himalayan monal, Nepal’s national bird. The tree’s large cones also serve as a food source for wildlife like squirrels and birds.

Spanish Cedar

spanish-cedar-tree

Spanish Cedar, also known as Cedrela odorata, is a tropical hardwood tree native to the Americas. It is highly valued for its beautiful appearance, durability, and unique properties. It belongs to the Meliaceae family, including mahogany and neem trees.

Another fascinating aspect of Spanish Cedar is its distinct aroma. The wood emits a pleasant scent often described as spicy, reminiscent of cinnamon or cloves. This aromatic quality makes it a popular choice for lining humidors, as it helps to enhance the flavors and aromas of stored cigars.

In addition to its aromatic properties, Spanish Cedar is also highly resistant to rot and insect damage. This makes it preferred for outdoor outdoor applications such as decking, fencing, and boat building. Its natural resistance to decay also makes it an excellent choice for interior millwork, cabinetry, and furniture.

Spanish Cedar is known for its beautiful reddish-brown color, which deepens and develops a rich patina over time. It has a straight grain and a fine texture, making it easy to work with and finish. The wood is lightweight yet strong, making it suitable for various uses.

Alaskan Cedar

alaskan-cedar

Alaska Cedar, also known as Callitropsis nootkatensis, is a majestic tree native to the Pacific Northwest region of North America. It is highly valued for its beautiful appearance and versatile uses.

An interesting fact about Alaska Cedar is its exceptional longevity. Some specimens are over a thousand years old, making it one of the longest-living tree species in the world.

One more unique aspect of Alaskan Cedar is its aromatic properties. The wood of this tree emits a pleasant scent, often described as a mix of citrus and cedar. This fragrance makes it popular for crafting items like chests, closets, and essential oils. Additionally, the aroma of Alaskan Cedar is believed to have a calming effect, making it a sought-after wood for creating furniture and other decorative pieces in homes and spas.

Japanese Cedar

japanese-cedar

Japanese Cedar, scientifically known as Cryptomeria japonica, is a majestic evergreen tree native to Japan. It is a popular species with great cultural and historical significance in the country.

It can reach up to 70 meters (230 feet) and has a trunk diameter of around 4 meters (13 feet). This makes it one of the tallest and largest tree species in Japan.

Japanese Cedar is also known for its beautiful foliage. Its needle-like leaves are arranged spirally along the branches, creating a dense, lush canopy. The leaves are initially green, but as winter approaches, they turn a stunning reddish-brown color, adding a touch of warmth to the winter landscape.

In addition to its aesthetic appeal, Japanese Cedar has practical uses. The wood of this tree is highly valued for its durability and resistance to decay. It is commonly used in construction, furniture making, and even in the production of traditional Japanese lacquerware.

Furthermore, Japanese Cedar has been used in the art of bonsai for centuries. Its graceful and elegant form and ability to withstand pruning and shaping make it a popular choice among bonsai enthusiasts.

Lebanon Cedar

lebanon-cedar

The Lebanon Cedar, scientifically known as Cedrus libani, is also recognized as one of the four true cedars and is a majestic evergreen tree native to the mountains of the Eastern Mediterranean region. This iconic tree has been revered for centuries for its beauty, durability, and historical significance.

One interesting fact about the Lebanon Cedar is its historical significance. This tree has been mentioned in ancient texts, including the Bible, where it is referenced as a symbol of strength and beauty. The wood of the Lebanon Cedar was highly prized in ancient times and was used to construct temples, palaces, and even ships.

Cedar is known for its ability to adapt to harsh environmental conditions. These trees can withstand extreme temperatures, drought, and poor soil quality, making them well-suited for mountainous regions. They have a deep root system that helps them access water from the ground, allowing them to survive in arid climates.

Cyprus Cedar

cyprus-cedar

Cyprus Cedar, also known as Cedrus brevifolia, is recognized as one of the four true cedars and a unique and fascinating tree species native to Cyprus. This evergreen coniferous tree is renowned for its striking beauty and remarkable characteristics.

Another intriguing aspect of Cyprus Cedar is its longevity. These trees can live for several centuries, with some specimens reaching an impressive age of over 1,000 years. This remarkable lifespan is a testament to the resilience and adaptability of this species.

Cyprus Cedar is not only a visually stunning tree but also has a rich history and cultural significance. The people of Cyprus have revered it for centuries, and it is often associated with strength, resilience, and protection. The wood of the Cyprus Cedar was used by ancient civilizations to build ships and temples, showcasing its durability and versatility. Today, this majestic tree continues to captivate and inspire, reminding us of the beauty and magnificence of nature.

Atlas Cedar

atlas-cedar

Atlas Cedar, scientifically known as Cedrus atlantica, is also recognized as one of the four true cedars and is a majestic evergreen tree native to the Atlas Mountains of Morocco and Algeria. This tree is highly valued for its ornamental beauty and aromatic wood, often used in constructing furniture and other wooden items.

It has been cultivated for centuries and was highly prized by ancient civilizations such as the Egyptians and Phoenicians. The wood of the Atlas Cedar was used in the construction of temples and ships and in embalming the mummies.

Atlas Cedar is known for its beauty, historical significance, and medicinal properties. The essential oil extracted from the wood of the Atlas Cedar tree is believed to have numerous health benefits. It is often used in aromatherapy to promote relaxation and reduce stress. Additionally, the oil is known for its anti-inflammatory and antiseptic properties, making it a popular ingredient in skincare products. The unique scent of Atlas Cedar also acts as a natural insect repellent, making it a valuable addition to natural pest control methods. Whether admired for its majestic appearance or utilized for its therapeutic properties, Atlas Cedar continues to captivate and benefit people around the world.

Cedar Trees For Landscaping

Cedar trees are a versatile and beautiful addition to any landscaping project. With their unique characteristics and benefits, they can enhance outdoor space’s aesthetic appeal and functionality. Here, we will explore how cedar trees can be used in landscaping and provide some examples of the types of trees to consider.

One popular way to incorporate cedar trees into landscaping is by using them as focal points or specimen trees. Their distinctive shape and rich color make them stand out in any garden or yard. For example, the Eastern Red Cedar (Juniperus virginiana) is famous for its dense, pyramid-like shape and vibrant green foliage. Placing one or two trees strategically in a garden can create a visually striking focal point.

Cedar trees can also be used as privacy screens or windbreaks. Their dense foliage and tall stature make them excellent natural barriers. The Thuja Green Giant (Thuja plicata) is a fast-growing cedar variety commonly used. Planting these trees along a property line can provide privacy from neighboring homes or block strong winds.

Additional Ways to Use Cedar in Landscaping

Additionally, cedar trees can be utilized for their aromatic qualities. The scent of cedar is known to repel insects, making it an ideal choice for landscaping in areas prone to pests. The Western Red Cedar (Thuja plicata) emits a pleasant fragrance and is often used in garden borders or as hedges. Not only does it add beauty to the landscape, but it also helps keep unwanted insects at bay.

Another creative way to incorporate cedar trees into landscaping is by using wood for various structures or features. Cedar wood is highly durable and resistant to decay, making it suitable for outdoor use. It can build pergolas, fences, decks, or even outdoor furniture. The natural beauty of cedar wood adds a rustic and charming element to any landscape design.

Are Cedar Trees Good or Bad

Cedar trees are often considered beneficial for various reasons, making them valuable to any landscape.

One of the primary advantages of cedar trees is their aesthetic appeal. These trees possess a unique and attractive appearance with their dense foliage and distinctive reddish-brown bark. They can enhance the visual appeal of any outdoor space, providing a natural and serene ambiance. Cedar trees also come in different varieties, allowing for versatility in landscaping designs.

Moreover, cedar trees have a practical value as well. The wood of cedar trees is highly durable and resistant to decay, making it a popular choice for construction and woodworking. Cedar wood is commonly used for making outdoor furniture, decking, and siding, as it can withstand harsh weather conditions and resist insect damage. The pleasant aroma of cedar wood is also well-known and often utilized in the production of perfumes and essential oils.

Medicinal Properties of Cedar Trees

Cedar trees have been used for centuries for their various medicinal properties. These trees contain multiple compounds that have been found to have therapeutic effects on the human body. Here are some examples of the medicinal properties of cedar trees:

Here are some of the medicinal properties:

  1. Anti-inflammatory: Cedar trees produce essential oils that have powerful anti-inflammatory properties. These oils can be extracted from the bark or leaves of the tree and used in topical ointments or creams to reduce inflammation and soothe skin conditions such as eczema or psoriasis.
  2. Antimicrobial: The essential oils of cedar trees have strong antimicrobial properties, making them effective in fighting against bacteria, fungi, and other pathogens. These oils can be used in natural disinfectants or as an ingredient in soaps and shampoos to prevent the growth of harmful microorganisms.
  3. Respiratory health: Cedar trees produce aromatic compounds that can help improve respiratory health. Inhaling the scent of cedar can help clear congestion, reduce coughing, and soothe irritated airways. Cedarwood oil is often used in aromatherapy to promote relaxation and relieve respiratory conditions like bronchitis or asthma symptoms.
  4. Pain relief: Cedar trees contain analgesic compounds that can help relieve pain. The essential oils derived from cedar can be used topically to alleviate muscle pain, joint inflammation, or headaches. These oils can be applied directly to the affected area or in massage oils for a soothing effect.
  5. Skincare: Cedar trees have been used in traditional medicine for their skin-healing properties. The essential oils extracted from cedar can help treat various skin conditions, including acne, rashes, and fungal infections. These oils have astringent properties that can help tighten the skin and reduce the appearance of scars or blemishes.
  6. Stress relief: The scent of cedar has a calming effect on the mind and body, making it an excellent natural remedy for stress and anxiety. Cedarwood oil is often used in

Environmental Aspect of Cedar Trees

Air Purifying

Cedar trees offer numerous environmental benefits. They are known for improving air quality by absorbing pollutants and releasing oxygen. This quality makes them an excellent choice for urban areas where air pollution is a concern. Additionally, cedar trees act as natural filters, capturing dust and particles from the air and contributing to a cleaner and healthier environment, which also helps improve indoor air quality.

Biodiversity

The dense foliage of cedar trees provides shelter and nesting sites for various bird species, such as woodpeckers, owls, and warblers. These birds rely on the cedar trees for protection from predators and adverse weather conditions. The cedar tree’s bark and branches also offer a habitat for insects, spiders, and other small invertebrates. These invertebrates, in turn, serve as a food source for birds, reptiles, and mammals that inhabit the ecosystem. Cedar trees contribute to wildlife’s richness and abundance by providing diverse habitats and food sources.

Soil Conservation

Also known for their soil conservation properties, cedar tree’s extensive root systems help prevent soil erosion by holding the soil together, especially on slopes or in areas prone to heavy rainfall. This helps maintain the fertility of the soil and prevents sedimentation in nearby bodies of water.

FAQs

Can cedar trees grow in all climates?

Cedar trees are adaptable and can thrive in various climates, including temperate regions with cold winters and hot summers. However, specific species may have different temperature requirements, so choosing the suitable variety for your climate zone is essential.

Do cedar trees require a lot of maintenance?

Cedar trees are generally low-maintenance once established. They have excellent resistance against pests and diseases, reducing the need for chemical treatments. Regular watering during dry weather is essential.

Can I use cedar wood for construction purposes?

Yes! Cedar wood is highly valued in construction due to its durability, resistance to decay, and natural insect-repellent properties. It is commonly used for outdoor furniture, decking, siding, fencing, and roofing shingles.

Are there any risks associated with cedar allergies?

While rare cedar allergies exist where individuals may experience respiratory symptoms such as sneezing or coughing when exposed to cedar pollen or wood dust, it is not a widespread concern. If you suspect an allergy or sensitivity, consult a healthcare professional for proper diagnosis and guidance.

Can I plant cedar trees near my house?

Planting cedar trees near your house can provide shade, privacy, and aesthetic appeal. However, it’s crucial to consider the mature size of the tree and its root system to avoid potential damage to the foundation or infrastructure. Consulting with an arborist or landscape professional can help determine the appropriate planting distance.

When is the best time to plant?

The best time to plant cedar trees is early spring or fall. Planting in the early spring allows the trees to establish their root systems before the hot summer months, while planting in the fall will enable them to settle in before winter. It is important to avoid planting cedar trees during the summer, as the heat and dry conditions can stress the young trees and make it difficult for them to survive. Additionally, it is recommended to choose a day with mild weather and adequate moisture for planting, as this will help the trees to thrive.