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Bamboo Viscose Basics, Advantages In Comparison With Cotton

  • Surya 

Bamboo viscose, a cellulose fiber derived from bamboo pulp, is a versatile fabric known for its natural breathability and moisture-wicking properties. This makes it an excellent choice for warm weather, keeping you cool and comfortable throughout the day. Its long fibers contribute to its durability and softness, providing a luxurious feel against the skin.

In addition to its functional benefits, bamboo viscose is also hypoallergenic, making it suitable for sensitive skin. It is free from harsh chemicals and irritants commonly found in other fabrics, reducing the risk of skin irritation or allergic reactions.

Bamboo viscose offers a sustainable and comfortable alternative to traditional fabrics with its unique combination of breathability, moisture-wicking properties, and hypoallergenic nature. Whether you’re looking for clothing or bedding options that prioritize comfort and eco-friendliness, a fabric made from bamboo is worth considering.

How Is Bamboo Viscose Manufactured?

The manufacturing process of bamboo viscose involves several steps that transform bamboo plants into soft and sustainable fabrics. Let’s get into the details of this fascinating process.

Extracting Cellulose from Bamboo Plants

To create bamboo viscose, manufacturers start by extracting cellulose from bamboo plants. Cellulose is a natural polymer found in plant cell walls, and it serves as the primary raw material for creating textiles. Bamboo pulp is obtained by breaking down the bamboo plant through mechanical or chemical processes.

After obtaining bamboo pulp, the next step in creating viscose is to extract the cellulose from the pulp. This is typically done through a process called hydrolysis, where the bamboo pulp is mixed with a solvent and heated to break down the cellulose fibers. The resulting solution is then filtered to remove any impurities and concentrated to increase the cellulose content.

Dissolving Cellulose in a Chemical Solution

Once the cellulose has been extracted, it is dissolved in a chemical solution to create a viscous liquid. This liquid contains alkali cellulose, which is formed by treating the cellulose with an alkaline solution such as sodium hydroxide. The resulting mixture undergoes further processing to ensure complete dissolution of the cellulose fibers.

This step is crucial as it helps improve the quality and consistency of the dissolved cellulose, making it suitable for various industrial processes. Additionally, the viscosity of the solution can be adjusted by controlling the concentration of cellulose and the temperature during the dissolution process. This allows for customization of the final product, depending on the desired application. The dissolved cellulose can be used in various industries such as textiles, papermaking, pharmaceuticals, and food production, where its unique properties contribute to the development of innovative and sustainable products.

Formation of Fibers through Spinnerets

The viscous liquid containing dissolved cellulose is then forced through spinnerets, which are small nozzles with tiny holes. As the fluid passes through these spinnerets, it solidifies and forms long, continuous fibers. These fibers are collected and dried to obtain yarns that can be used for weaving or knitting.

After the fibers are collected and dried, they undergo further processing to enhance their properties. This can include bleaching, dyeing, or stretching treatments to improve strength and color. The dried fibers are often spun together to create yarns with different characteristics, such as varying thickness or texture. The versatility of these fibers allows for a wide range of uses, making them an essential component in many industries.

Once the yarns have been obtained, they can be woven or knitted into bamboo viscose fabric. This fabric exhibits excellent drape and breathability, making it suitable for various applications in the textile industry.

Bamboo Viscose vs Traditional Rayon: Understanding the Differences

Bamboo viscose, also known as bamboo rayon, is a type of rayon fabric derived from bamboo plants. It shares many properties with other types of rayon, such as breathability and moisture-wicking capabilities. However, some key differences between viscose made from bamboo and traditional rayon are worth exploring.

Bamboo Viscose Made from Bamboo Pulp

The manufacturing process of bamboo viscose involves using bamboo pulp instead of wood pulp, which is typically used in traditional rayon production. This makes it an attractive option for those seeking more sustainable alternatives. Bamboo is a fast-growing plant that requires fewer resources and has a lower impact on the environment compared to trees used for wood pulp.

One of the main advantages of using bamboo over traditional rayon is its sustainability factor. As mentioned earlier, bamboo plants grow rapidly and can be harvested without causing significant damage to the environment. This makes bamboo a popular choice for eco-conscious consumers who want to reduce their environmental footprint.

Similar Properties to Traditional Rayon

While bamboo viscose offers sustainability benefits, it still retains many desirable properties found in traditional rayon fabrics. Like other types of rayon, it is breathable and has excellent moisture-wicking capabilities. This means that garments made from this viscose can help keep you cool and comfortable in hot weather by allowing air circulation and effectively absorbing sweat.

Another noteworthy characteristic of bamboo viscose is its softness and comfort. The fabric has a luxurious feel against the skin due to its smooth texture. It drapes well and provides a gentle touch, making it suitable for various clothing items like shirts, dresses, or bedding materials like sheets and pillowcases.

Versatility in Fashion and Home Textiles

Bamboo viscose is highly versatile and can be used in various fashion and home textile applications. Its softness, breathability, and moisture-wicking properties make it an excellent choice for activewear, underwear, and socks.

How To Avoid Chemical Usage During Bamboo Viscose Manufacturing

Several alternative methods can be employed to avoid chemical usage during manufacturing. One such method is mechanical processing, which involves mechanically breaking down the bamboo fibers to create a pulp that can be used to make viscose. This process eliminates the need for harsh chemicals typically used in traditional viscose manufacturing.

Another approach is the use of enzymatic treatments. Enzymes can be used to break down the bamboo fibers and remove impurities without chemical additives. This method is not only more environmentally friendly but also helps to maintain the natural properties of the bamboo fibers.

One example of a company successfully implementing these methods is Cariloha, a bamboo clothing and bedding manufacturer. They have developed a proprietary process called “Bamboo Soft” that uses mechanical processing and enzymatic treatments to produce their products. This process eliminates the need for harsh chemicals, making their products more sustainable and eco-friendly.

Furthermore, certifications such as the Oeko-Tex Standard 100 can assure that bamboo viscose products are free from harmful chemicals. This certification ensures that the products have been tested for toxic substances and meet stringent environmental and health criteria.

In conclusion, avoiding chemical usage during bamboo viscose manufacturing is possible through mechanical processing, enzymatic treatments, closed-loop systems, and obtaining relevant certifications. By adopting these methods, manufacturers can produce bamboo fabrics that are more sustainable, eco-friendly, and safe for consumers.

The Sustainability of Bamboo Viscose: Ecofriendly Fashion

In addition to its desirable properties, bamboo viscose fabric is also known for its eco-friendly nature. Bamboo is a highly sustainable plant that requires no pesticides or fertilizers to grow, making it a renewable resource. Furthermore, the production process of the fabric is less harmful to the environment than traditional textile manufacturing methods. The use of chemicals and water in producing tje fabric is significantly reduced, resulting in a lower carbon footprint. As consumers become more conscious of the environmental impact of their choices, the demand for sustainable fabrics like bamboo viscose is on the rise.

Quick Growth of Bamboo Plants

One of the key benefits of bamboo crops is their rapid growth rate. Unlike other crops used in textile production, bamboo plants require minimal intervention. This makes bamboo a sustainable plant choice as it reduces the reliance on harmful chemicals that can harm both the environment and human health.

In addition to their rapid growth rate, bamboo plants have another remarkable characteristic that sets them apart from other crops: their ability to thrive without the need for pesticides or fertilizers. It is possible to increase the growth rate with fertilizers, but it can also be done naturally. Unlike traditional crops that often require extensive pesticide use to protect against pests and diseases, bamboo plants have built-in defenses that make them naturally resistant to such threats. This not only reduces the need for harmful chemicals but also minimizes the environmental impact associated with their use.

Their unique root system allows them to absorb nutrients more effectively, making them self-sufficient and reducing the need for additional fertilizers. This makes bamboo a sustainable and environmentally friendly choice for textile production, as it minimizes the use of chemicals and promotes a healthier ecosystem.

Low Water Requirement During The Production Process

Another advantage of using bamboo for fabric production is its low water requirement. Bamboo crops are more water-efficient than traditional cotton cultivation, which consumes vast amounts of water.

The production process of bamboo viscose involves a closed-loop system, where the water used in processing is continuously recycled and reused. This significantly reduces the overall water consumption compared to traditional cotton production, which requires substantial amounts of water for irrigation and processing. Therefore, the water-efficient nature of viscose made from bamboo production makes it an environmentally sustainable choice for textile production.

Bamboo Forests Help Reduce Carbon Dioxide Levels

In addition to being a renewable resource, bamboo forests play a crucial role in mitigating climate change. As they grow rapidly, these forests absorb significant amounts of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, helping reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Furthermore, they contribute to improving air quality by releasing oxygen during photosynthesis.

Bamboo viscose offers several advantages over conventional fabrics:

  • Sustainable materials: Bamboo is considered one of the most sustainable materials available due to its fast growth rate and minimal environmental impact.
  • Durability: Clothing made from bamboo is known for its durability, making it a long-lasting option for consumers.
  • Soft and comfortable: Bamboo fabric has a silky feel and is incredibly gentle on the skin, providing a cozy and luxurious experience.
  • Versatility: Viscose made from bamboo can be used to create various types of clothing, including shirts, dresses, pants, and even underwear.

Comfort and Style With Bamboo Viscose

Bamboo viscose is a fabric that offers both comfort and style. It has a soft and silky texture, providing a luxurious feel against the skin. This makes it an excellent choice for clothing items like pajamas and bed sheets.

One of the key advantages is its excellent drape. This means that garments made from this fabric flow gracefully on the body, creating an elegant and flattering silhouette. Whether it’s a flowing dress or a pair of comfortable pajama pants, bamboo viscose ensures that you look stylish while feeling at ease.

Another great benefit of viscose made from bamboo is its resistance to wrinkling. Unlike many other fabrics, viscose made from bamboo doesn’t easily crease or wrinkle, which means less time spent ironing or steaming your clothes. This is particularly convenient for busy people who want to look put-together without the hassle of constant maintenance.

Bamboo viscose also offers a wide range of style options. It comes in various colors and patterns, allowing you to express your personal taste and create versatile looks. Whether you prefer bold prints or subtle hues, there’s a garment for everyone.

Moreover, bamboo viscose blends well with other materials, such as silk or cotton, further expanding its style possibilities. You can find luxurious blends like hush bamboo sheets that combine the softness of bamboo with the elegance of silk for the ultimate sleep experience.

Bamboo viscose bed sheets are highly sought after due to their exceptional qualities. They are naturally hypoallergenic and antimicrobial, making them ideal for people with sensitive skin or allergies. They have moisture-wicking properties that help regulate body temperature throughout the night.

Furthermore, bamboo-viscose blend bed sheets are known for their durability and longevity. They can withstand frequent washing without losing their softness or color vibrancy. This makes them a cost-effective choice in the long run, as they will continue providing comfort and style for years.

Bamboo Viscose vs Cotton


Bamboo viscose and cotton are two popular fabrics used in clothing and bedding. They both have their unique qualities, but bamboo takes the lead. Let’s explore why viscose made from bamboo is a better choice than conventional cotton.

More Absorbent for Dryness and Coolness

One of the standout features of bamboo viscose is its exceptional absorbency. The fabric has natural moisture-wicking properties that draw sweat away from the body, keeping you dry and cool even on hot summer days. In contrast, cotton tends to trap moisture, leaving a damp and uncomfortable feeling.

  • Bamboo viscose absorbs moisture more efficiently than cotton.
  • It helps regulate body temperature by allowing air circulation.
  • Cotton can feel heavy and clingy when wet, while bamboo viscose remains lightweight.

Natural Antibacterial Properties for Odor Prevention

Another advantage of bamboo viscose over cotton lies in its natural antibacterial properties. The fabric contains an antimicrobial bio-agent called “bamboo kun,” which inhibits the growth of odor-causing bacteria. It an excellent choice for activewear or undergarments where freshness is crucial.

  • Bamboo kun prevents bacterial growth without the need for chemical treatments.
  • Cotton may require additional treatments to combat odor-causing bacteria.
  • Bamboo viscose keeps you feeling fresh throughout the day.

Sustainability: Less Water Usage and Pesticides

Bamboo viscose outshines conventional cotton regarding water usage and pesticide requirements during cultivation. Bamboo plants producing viscose require significantly less water than cotton crops. They naturally repel pests, reducing the need for harmful pesticides.

  • Bamboo plants can thrive with minimal irrigation compared to water-intensive cotton cultivation.
  • Cotton farming accounts for a significant portion of global pesticide use.

Softer and Smoother Fibers for Enhanced Comfort

In terms of comfort, bamboo viscose tends to be softer and smoother than cotton. The fabric’s smooth fibers create a luxurious feel against the skin, making it ideal for those with sensitive skin or allergies. Cotton, while comfortable, may not offer the same level of softness as viscose made from bamboo.

  • Bamboo viscose has a silky texture that feels gentle on the skin.
  • It is less likely to cause irritation or itching compared to cotton.
  • The smooth fibers of this viscose contribute to a higher thread count, resulting in a softer fabric.

Comparison Table of Bamboo and Cotton

SoftnessSoft and comfortable.Softer and smoother.
BreathabilityBreathable and absorbent.Highly breathable.
Moisture-wickingAbsorbs and dries moisture.Excellent moisture-wicking.
TemperatureRegulates body temperature.Regulates body temperature.
HypoallergenicMay cause allergies.Hypoallergenic.
SustainabilityRequires large amounts of water and pesticides.Grows rapidly without pesticides or excessive water.
Environmental ImpactHigh water and pesticide usage.Low water and pesticide usage.
DurabilityDurable and long-lasting.Durable and long-lasting.

Sustainable Bamboo Viscose Brands

As consumers become more conscious about the environmental impact of their clothing choices, bamboo viscose has emerged as a popular option. Its production process involves converting bamboo pulp into a soft and luxurious fabric that is gentle on the skin. Not only does this material offer exceptional comfort, but it also boasts excellent moisture-wicking properties, making it ideal for activewear and undergarments.

By choosing brands that prioritize sustainable practices, you can contribute to reducing the fashion industry’s ecological footprint. Look for certifications such as Oeko-Tex Standard 100 or Global Organic Textile Standard (GOTS) to ensure your purchase aligns with ethical and environmentally friendly principles. Consider supporting brands emphasizing fair trade practices and transparency in their supply chain.

Here are some notable brands that produce bamboo fabrics with certifications:

  1. Boody: Boody is a popular brand known for its eco-friendly and sustainable clothing. They manufacture bamboo fabrics with certifications such as the OEKO-TEX Standard 100, which guarantees their products are free from harmful substances.
  2. Cariloha: Cariloha is another brand that creates sustainable clothing using bamboo. They have certifications like the FSC certification, which ensures responsible sourcing of bamboo, and the ISO 14001 certification, which signifies their commitment to environmental management.
  3. Thought: Thought is a UK-based brand that offers a range of clothing made from bamboo. They have certifications such as the Global Organic Textile Standard (GOTS), ensuring their products meet strict organic and environmental criteria.
  4. Tasc Performance: Tasc Performance is a performance clothing brand that uses bamboo viscose in its products. They have certifications such as the Bluesign certification, which ensures that their production process meets high environmental and consumer protection standards.

These brands are just a few examples of those committed to manufacturing bamboo fabrics with certifications. Consumers can support sustainable fashion and contribute to a more environmentally friendly industry by choosing products from these brands.


Can I wear bamboo viscose clothing in hot weather?

Yes! Bamboo viscose is known for its excellent breathability and moisture-wicking properties. It helps regulate body temperature by allowing air circulation, making it suitable for hot weather conditions.

Is bamboo viscose suitable for sensitive skin?

Absolutely! Bamboo viscose is hypoallergenic and gentle on the skin. It is less likely to cause irritation or allergic reactions than synthetic fabrics like polyester.

How do I care for my bamboo viscose garments?

Bamboo viscose clothing should be washed using cold water on a gentle cycle with mild detergent. Avoid using bleach or fabric softeners as they can damage the fabric fibers. Air drying or using a low heat setting is recommended when tumble drying.

Can bamboo viscose clothing shrink?

Bamboo viscose clothing tends to shrink if exposed to high heat. It is best to follow the care instructions to prevent shrinkage and avoid excessive heat during washing and drying.

Are there any downsides to bamboo viscose?

While bamboo viscose is generally considered an eco-friendly option, some concerns about the chemicals used in its manufacturing process have been raised. Choosing brands that prioritize sustainable practices and transparency in their production methods is important.